This entry is based on the catalogue entry “Cornelis De Man: The Pharmacist Dr. Ysbrand Ysbrandsz.,” in Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., with Daniëlle H. A. C. Lokin, Human Connections in the Age of Vermeer (Exh. cat. Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art; Miyagi, Miyagi Museum of Art; Tokyo, Bunkamura Museum of Art) (London, 2011), 93–95, no. 25.
The robe worn by Ysbrandsz was known in the Dutch Republic as a Japonse rok (“Japanese robe”). These loose-fitting and padded robes were modeled on the precious silk kimonos (keyserrocken, “imperial gowns,” or schenckagierocken, “gift gowns”) that the Tokugawa Shogun gave to high-ranking officials of the Dutch East India Company during their annual visits to Edo, Japan. The Japonse rok was worn indoors by men and women alike to ward off the cold. See Charlotte van Rappard-Boon, Imitation and Inspiration: Japanese Influence on Dutch Art from 1650 to the Present, ed. N. Dekking (Amsterdam, 1991).
For the biography of Ysbrandsz (also Ysbrans), see Philip C. Molhuysen and P. J. Blok, eds., Nieuw Nederlands biografisch woordenboek, 10 vols. (Leiden, 1911), 1:1596, no. 2303; 10:74–78. See also the three articles on De Man by Clotilde Brière-Misme in Oud Holland 52 (1935): 1–26, 97–120, and 281–82.
See M. E. Lambrechtsen, “Cornelis de Man (1621–1706), een selectie uit het oeuvre van een veelzijdige Delftse schilder” (master’s thesis, University of Amsterdam, 2005). For the pharmacists in the De Man family, see the article on the residence of Cornelis’s cousin, also named Cornelis de Man, at Koornmarkt 93 in Delft.
A photograph of the front and back of a violin made ca. 1650 by Nicolo Amati that shows distinct similarities to the one in this painting appears in an article about Florian Leonhard, a leading international dealer in string instruments: Helen Wybrew-Bond, “Plenty of Strings Attached,” Centurion, 10 August 2011.
For the biographies of Willem and Joan Blaeu, see Philip C. Molhuysen and P. J. Blok, eds., Nieuw Nederlands Biografisch Woordenboek, 10 vols. (Leiden, 1911), 10:74–78. Willem Blaeu’s son Jacob married Maria Soetens in Rotterdam on 20 October 1643; their daughter Maria Blaeu was baptized on 20 September 1644. See Digitale Stamboom, Gemeentearchief Rotterdam.
Rob van Gent, “De nieuwe sterren van 1572, 1600 en 1604 op de hemelglobes van Willem Jansz. Blaeu,” Caert-Thresoor 12, no. 2 (1993): 40–46.
3 cm H x 2 cm W