For Huygens’ text, see Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., ed., Jan Lievens: A Dutch Master Rediscovered (Exh. cat. Washington D.C., National Gallery of Art; Milwaukee, Milwaukee Art Museum; Amsterdam, Museum Het Rembrandthuis) (New Haven, 2008), 286–87.
By April 1629 Lievens had already considered going to London to paint at the court of Charles I. See Arthur K. Wheelock Jr., Jan Lievens: A Dutch Master Rediscovered, ed. Arthur K. Wheelock Jr. (Exh. cat. Washington D.C., National Gallery of Art; Milwaukee, Milwaukee Art Museum; Amsterdam, Museum Het Rembrandthuis) (New Haven, 2008), 9.
For a discussion of Van Dyck’s presence in The Hague, see Arthur K. Wheelock Jr. et al., Anthony van Dyck (Exh. cat. Washington D.C., National Gallery of Art) (Brussels, 1990), 236–38, no. 59.
A unique impression of the very sketchy first state of the print in the Institut Néerlandais, Paris, depicts Lievens without a moustache. It seems unlikely, as some have suggested, that the appearance of the moustache in the second state indicates that Lievens grew his mustache only after Van Dyck had drawn or painted his model. It is more probable that Vosterman merely overlooked the existence of this slight growth on Van Dyck’s model. Vorsterman probably made his revisions after Van Dyck had seen the first state.
See Rüdiger Klessmann, Jan Lievens: Ein Maler im Schatten Rembrandts (Exh. cat. Brunswick, Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum) (Brunswick, 1979), 100, no 32.
The dendrochronological examination of these works was undertaken by Dr. Peter Klein, Ordinariat für Holzbiologie, Universität Hamburg. For the dating of Rembrandt’s painting, see Stichting Foundation Rembrandt Research Project, A Corpus of Rembrandt Paintings, vol. 1, 1625–1631, ed. Josua Bruyn et al. (The Hague, Boston, and London, 1982), 249–57, cat., A24.
The identification of the wood is based on Peter Klein’s May 1993 dendrochronology report. Berlin-Dahlem inventory number B 812-A, RRP Corpus I A 24.
Entry based on 2007 examination report by E. Melanie Gifford, Scientific Department, National Gallery of Art, Washington.